New on the Aquila Report: Book Review: How to Defend the Faith A helpful summary of the ideas behind Reformed (or presuppositional) apologetics. Written by Wes Bredenhof
Zacharias Ursinus (1534 – 1583)
Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism
That there is a God, is proven by many arguments common both to philosophy and theology. These arguments we shall present in the following order:
1. The order and harmony which we observe every where in nature, gives evidence of the existence of God. There is, as every one must perceive, a wise arrangement of every part of nature, and a constant succession of changes and operations, according to certain laws, which could not exist and be preserved, unless by some intelligent and almighty being. The Scriptures refer to this argument, atconsiderable length, in the following places: Psalms 8, 19, 104, 135, 136, 147 & 148. Rom. 1. Acts 14 & 17.
2. A rational nature having some cause, cannot exist except it proceed from some intelligent being, for the reason that a cause is not of a more inferior…
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In December 1993 Dr. Greg L. Bahnsen debated atheist lawyer Mr. Edward “Eddie” Tabash. As far as I know this video is not available elsewhere on the internet (although there are poor audio recordings on You Tube).
I will be posting the entire debate in segments on my blog. If you wish to purchase the full-length version, please contact Covenant Media Foundation.
In this episode Dr. Bahnsen makes his opening statement. Here are highlights:
- The atheists live inconsistent lives
- Atheists will presuppose human dignity by attending a friend’s funeral then later affirm that human life is no different than an animal
- Atheists are primitive in their thinking
- Atheists do not have a workable worldview
- Evolutionists have an irrational worldview that life spontaneously erupted
- Atheists are unable to answer the tough questions of philosophy
- Atheists work hard to hide their intellectual poverty from themselves and others
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Protected: Answer to “The Bible – Divinely Authored? — A Response to Highplainsparson.” by Warbinator
There are three general Characters whereby we may know any Word to be the Word of God; and a Religion to be the true Religion. 1. That which doth most set forth the glory of God. 2. That which doth direct us to a rule which is a perfect rule of holinesse toward God, and righteousnesse to men. 3. That which shows us a means suitable to God’s glory and men’s necessity, to reconcile us to God. The word of God sets forth God’s glory in all the perfections, and is a compleat rule.
Leigh, Body of Divinity, quoted in Richard A. Muller, Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics, vol. I, 435.
The proper use of reason and philosophy in theological discourse rests upon recognition of their place and the limits of their competence. Truth, comments Turretin, cannot be set against truth–rather, one truth may transcend another. Thus truths of sense stand below truths of reason (infra rationem), truths of the intellect in immediate relation to truths of reason (juxta rationem), and truths of faith above those of reason (supra rationem). Once this pattern is recognized and the hierarchy of truth acknowledged, then rational truth can be used in theological discourse: “grace does not destroy nature but perfects it, nor does supernatural revelation abrogate the natural, but cleanses it.”
Richard A. Muller, Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics, vol. I, 387.
We maintain…that reason should not be heard when it complains of its incapacity to comprehend the mysteries of faith: for, since it is finite, there is no surprise that many things concerning the infinite cannot be grasped by reason–so that to reject a mystery because it is incomprehensible to reason, is to offend against reason itself. It is in this sense that reason is to be made captive (2 Cor 10:5).
Benedict Pictet, quoted in Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics, Richard A. Muller, 386.
Truth is one and simple, whether conveyed by theology or by philosophy, and is true consistently wherever it is presented (for indeed the distinction of discipline does not multiply truth). Therefore truth is not contrary to itself whether presented in theology or in philosophy.
Bartholomaus Keckermann, quoted in Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics, Richard A. Muller, 385.
The scientific method was pioneered by men like Francis Bacon (1561-1626), a devout Christian who believed in the supernatural, yet was able to outline and test some founding principles upon which scientific discoveries could be made to learn more about the natural world and its processes. Through the use of objective methodologies to observe and predict theories concerning the natural world, wonderful discoveries have been made and life on earth for humans has been measurably improved. We have also been able to learn quite a bit more about the world around us. Yet observing the world around us, how it works, and according to what laws it operates cannot tell us precisely how any of these things originated. On this question, nature is silent. There are many signs pointing to an Intelligent Designer, like the uniformity and universality of its laws, and the overall order and harmony of nature. Yet we cannot learn much more than that from nature. Here is where evolutionary science is flawed. It attempts to connect the dots of the observed phenomena in nature to provide a theory of origins, but it cannot accurately reconstruct the origin of anything of significance in the universe (separate classes and species of animals, stars, natural laws, etc.) because there were no modern scientists present to observe when the universe was formed. Science was never meant to answer such a question. If natural scientists were honest, they would admit that although the universe points to a universal Creator and Designer, for the answer as to how precisely, how long ago, over what length of time, and in what order it was all created, we have to look elsewhere. Science was not designed to answer those questions, and so it cannot. The natural world doesn’t tell us. The answer to this question requires supernatural revelation. For scientists to try to answer the question, “how did it all get here?” is to step beyond their available data, operating principles, and field of expertise. In evolution, natural science has bitten off more than it can chew.
Ok, I must be in a debating mood. This is the first official debate being held on the highplainsparson blog. If you disagree with me, I want to hear from you. Let’s be friendly but take it seriously. And let’s be rational. Here it goes.
Argument: God is the true God. Not just any god or religion is true, but the God of Christianity, the God who gave us the 66 books of Scripture. Every other philosophy, system of thought, worldview, or religion is false. This can be demonstrated without much trouble.
For the purpose of this debate, I will use the Transcendental Argument for God (TAG)–The proof for the God of the Bible, is the impossibility of the contrary.
In other words, God as revealed in Scripture is the only principle that can accurately account for the world as we know it. Let’s debate. I want to hear from you. If you disagree, why and how? I will do my best to respond and refute all competing claims. I’ll let you go first.